Garlic & Mint Boilie

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This fish-meal based mix is one of the best fish meals on the market LT-94 with a protein content of 72%, 94% of which is digestible. It also has krill meal, milk protein powder, LZ-32 vitamin powder & yeast plus our own special ingredients including garlic and mint.


Boilies are boiled paste fishing baits, usually combinations of fishmeals, milk proteins, bird foods, semolina and soya flour, which are mixed with eggs as a binding agent and then boiled to form hardish round baits which will last in the water. Additional flavourings and attractors are also usually included in the mix. The round shape allows the baits to be catapulted accurately when fishing at range.

The ability to provide a bait of a fairly large size with a hard outer skin, meant that the other species such as tench and bream were less able to consume the bait. Boiled baits also meant that they could be left longer in the water without fear that they had fallen off the hook, in the same way as bread or other traditional baits might.

Though boilies are typically made and sold by large suppliers, many people choose to make their own unique homemade boilies.

Boilies are now one of the most established carpbaits, available in a huge range of colours and flavours. Boilies come in all different shapes and sizes, from tiny micro boilies (some even as small as eight millimetres) up to as large as 40 mm which are more suited to waters where 'nuisance fish' are present.

There are buoyant boilies, commonly known as pop-ups, that are used to make the bait sit just off the bed of the lake making them easier for the fish to find and take. Pop-ups can be used in various situations, where there is weed or silt present on a lake bed, or with a normal boilie to create a 'snowman' rig, the pop-up is generally smaller than the normal boilie, this creates what is known as a critically balanced bait, or neutral buoyancy, and makes it easier for the fish to take in the bait.

The carp angler has many types of boiled bait to choose from, some of which have added preservatives in them so that they can be kept at room temperature on shop shelves for a long time (shelf-life bait). Boilies that lack these added preservatives need to be refrigerated or frozen to stop them from going off; these are known as freezer baits. There have been many arguments discussing the pros and cons of both freezer and shelf-life boilies but the common opinion of many carp anglers is that due to the artificial preservatives in shelf-life baits they are not as nutritionally beneficial to the carp and therefore lack some attraction. Also, since in order to keep freezer baits fresh they need to be frozen soon after being rolled, not only will the ingredients used be of a much higher quality than in shelf lives but the ingredients used to make them will not lose much of their nutrients and attraction before being used in a fishing situation (much like frozen vegetables). Due to these facts freezer baits are often much more expensive than their shelf life counterparts.

The most commonly used set-up anglers use to present a boilie is a hair rig (the bait is not attached directly to the hook) which allows the boilie to sit off the back of the hook. This not only means that the bait will behave more naturally in the water (for example when disturbed by feeding fish) it also will often make the difference between a good hook hold and a bad one. Due to the nature in which a carp feeds the bait is blown out of the mouth soon after it has been picked up and the fact that the bait can move independently from the hook it allows the hook to stay back inside the mouth and find its way preferably into the bottom lip.



Groundbait is fishing bait that is either cast or 'balled' into the water in order to attract fish to the fishing area. It is often used in coarse fishing. Ground-bait can be made by the angler or pre-bought by ground-bait manufactures. There are lot's of different types of ground-bait which can be used to target specific species of fish. Ground-bait can differ by the sizes of the crumbs, type of seed, colour and smell. The angler can also mix additives to the ground-bait to alter its firmness in order to control the release or breakdown of the bait once in the water.

Groundbait is great at attracting fish to feed in your swim. It's typically made from bread crumb or biscuit and comes in a wide variety of flavours. Many of the brands of grounbait on offer in your local tackle shop have been designed and tested to catch particular types of fish. Once mixed with water and other freebies such as corn, casters & maggots, groundbait can be formed into balls which can be introduced by hand/catapult or used in conjunction with a swim feeder to guarantee a close parcel of feed next to your hook bait.

Types Of Groundbait

Continental type groundbaits originated as their name suggests from continental Europe and are made up from different types of base mix such as ground biscuit, rice, peanuts, hemp, maize & other powdered additives. With their many ingredients, continental groundbaits have a sweet aroma and are ideal for catching carp, bream, roach & tench.

Fishmeal groundbaits as the name implies are packed with high concentrations of fishmeal as their main ingredient, something which is a proven fish catcher. Some brands are also coupled with a high ratio of crushed hemp, this crushed hemp helps the groundbait to fizz and fall apart quickly. This can be further enhanced by riddling the groundbait prior to mixing, as this introduces air into the mix and creates a fluffier groundbait which dissipates quickly helping to create an enticing cloud around the hook bait. This type of ground bait is particularly effective when fishing cage feeders over short to medium distances.

Method Mix groundbaits are created in such a way that when mixed the groundbait takes on a sticky consistency which can then be squeezed around triangular feeders and stay in place on long casts. This firm binding ability means the feeders can be left longer in the water.

Stick Mixes are small parcels of groundbait and other bait items such as hemp, pellets or ground boilies contained within a PVA web attached to the hook. Once the PVA melts, its contents will sit below your hook bait luring fish in. Although pre made stick mixes can be purchased, it's just as easy to find your own combination of bait items and break them up within your own mix.

Mixing Groundbait

Start by riddling your ground bait into a bucket or bait box - riddling helps to add air to the groundbait to help it breakdown quickly in the water and help stop large lumps forming in the mix which can fill fish up.

Now add a little water at a time and stir by hand - any liquid flavourings should be added at this stage. Once the groundbait begins to darken with water check the consistency by squeezing, if it crumbles easily add a little more water, & if it's too sticky add a little more groundbait to dry it out. If you wish to create an even lighter mix, the groundbait can also be riddled again at this stage.

Add any freebies to your mix like corn, caster, maggot or pellets which will hold the fish in your swim - in this mix fiery chilli hemp seed is added. Your finished groundbait should hold together well when compacted into balls or inside cage feeders.

Using Groundbait

A method feeder should be loaded with groundbait which has a sticky texture, this helps the groundbait stick to the feeder for prolonged periods & makes the fish attack the feeder for food - always use a short hook length to get the most out of this tactic.

Riddled groundbait with a fluffy texture is great way of catching bream, carp & roach when loaded in a cagefeeder. When it hits the bottom the air packed within the groundbait pushes out and creates a fish attracting cloud around the hook area.

Mashed bread is an extremely cheap way of baiting a swim, particularly for hungry river chub or marginal bream & carp. It also mimics the bread that is thrown into park lakes when people go to feed the ducks, which means on the right venue, it's a natural food source for many hungry fish. It can be mixed slightly dry so that a ball can be formed for easy throwing/catapulting, or it can be made on the sloppy side to create a soupy explosion when used in a pole pot or baiting spoon.

Start by putting sliced bread into a bucket, add a little water, then mash up the bread until it forms a sloppy mix.

Once you have the desired texture, you can add other inclusions such as corn, hemp boilies or pellets.

Deadbaits (Quote from HCFishing)

Dead baits are fish used on the hook to attract and catch predatory species such as eels, pike & zander. They work on the principle that all predatory fish will at some point scavenge for an easy meal on a dead fish. They can be purchased at most tackle shops and fish counters in your local supermarket.

Below are the most commonly used deadbaits & how to hook them.

Freshwater Deadbaits

Eels have a very tough skin which makes them ideal for long distance casting.

Perch are a great bait to use when wobbling due to their tough skin being able to withstand repeated casts and retrievals.

Pollan are a white freshwater fish which are found in deep water lakes in Alaska, Canada & Ireland. They are neutrally buoyant and make ideal baits for pop up rigs.

Roach & Rudd are a very natural food source for predators due to their natural abundance, they can be bought frozen from most tackle shops.

Saltwater Deadbaits

Mackerel are probably the most commonly used sea water fish for dead baiting. They can be purchased at any large supermarket, have a high oil content, and perhaps most importantly of all have very tough skin. This toughness allows hooks to hold in place during distance casting.

Lamprey are a jawless parasitic fish which have a tubular funnel mouth which is packed with teeth. It's with these teeth that the fish latches onto its prey and sucks its blood ! Lamprey are a great bait to use due to their amazing scent, they ooze fishy flavours into the water as a result of their diet.

Herring are a very oily fish and it's this oil which helps to create a fantastic fishy scent trail for predators to home in on, their attraction can be increased by piercing the flanks prior to casting to release more oil. Unfortunately they aren't as tough as mackerel and it can be difficult to cast them any great distance.

Sardines are another great sea fish packed with predator attracting oil and are best used at short range due to their fragility. They can however be used for medium to long distance casts if they are hooked whilst frozen. Hooking when frozen gives a far stronger hook hold, the disadvantage of this is the bait will rarely stay on the hook when retrieved from any great distance.

Smelt are a costal dwelling fish which travel up rivers in order to spawn. They are pale in colour & have a smell very much like cucumber.

Sprats are a very small sea fish, they can be quite difficult to cast any real distance due to their fragile nature, although they can be used effectively as chopped loose feed or when pre baiting.

How To Hook

Tail mounting is best employed when fishing a static bait on the bottom. Pike tend to eat their prey head first, which means the alignments of hooks help to prevent deep hooking when a pike bites.

The first hook is attached through the tail of the bait & the second is placed half way down the flank of the bait - try not to have your second hook further than half way down the flank of the bait, the further down you have your second hook, the higher the risk of deep hooking occurs.

A head up mounted fish is an ideal hook hold to use whilst wobbling a deadbait due to the bait moving in its natural direction when reeled in. This is also a great way of securing a deadbait whilst fishing in running water as the alignment of hooks ensures the bait will flutter in the current.

The first hook is placed in the head & the second hook is attached half way down the flank.

Dorsal mounted dead baits are often used when fishing off the bottom with the aid of a drifter float.

The first hook is placed in the base of the dorsal fin & the second hook is attached to the pectoral fin - this arrangement of hooks allows the dead bait to sit in a more natural position when in the water.

Imitation baits (Quote from HCFishing)

The explosion of artificial baits over the last few years has occurred as a direct result of them catching fish & specimen sized ones too. They come in many different types such as bread, corn, maggots, worms & snails to name few. They also come in a variety of different colours such as bright pink or fluorescent glow in the dark green & yellow.

They offer a number of advantages over "normal" baits, firstly they are buoyant which allows baits to be presented popped up, something which may not be possible with their real counterparts without the aid of foam, which when used can hamper presentation. Secondly, artificial baits are extremely robust, which means smaller nuisance fish & crayfish cannot whittle them away, this gives the angler extra confidence that there is still bait on the other end of the line.

How To Hook

Using fake corn in conjunction with normal baits such as luncheon meat allows the ability provide a different presentation such as popped up meat. The visual yellow sight of the corn also gives feeding fish something to home in on. Maggots or worms can be used to great effect when camouflaging hook shanks to help fool wary pressurised fish.

Particle Baits

Particle baits are made up of beans, nuts & seeds, of which there is a wide variety to choose from. Most particles baits are used to attract fish to feed & are used in groundbait mixes, loose feed, or as part of a spod mix. Particles can be used successfully at whipping fish into a feeding frenzy as they become preoccupied in rooting out every last particle which becomes embedded in the debris on the bottom.

Many particles can be found in your local tackle shop which come prepared in a variety of different flavours, this certainly helps take the hassle out of preparing your own.


Pellets have certainly increased in popularity over the last decade as they catch small & large fish due to their various sizes, which range from micro feed pellets of no more than 1mm to gigantic halibut pellets over 20mm. They are also very easy to hook & very easy to catapult /throw at distance with a high degree of accuracy.

Pellets also come in many different flavours, many of which have been designed primarily to catch barbel & carp.

Pellet Types

Flavoured Pellets are produced by all the large bait companies and there is a vast array of different flavours, all designed to catch specific fish. They can be either fishy in flavour or seriously sweet depending on the flavour chosen - best used on hard fished waters where you want to offer a new flavour to the fish.

Carp Pellets have little or no concentrations of oil meal which makes them ideal for venues where regular high oil pellets such as trout & halibut have been banned.

Expander Pellets are tough floating pellets which need to be processed within a pellet pump in order to soften them for use on the hook or as loose feed - these pellets can also be flavoured during the process of preparation.

Halibut Pellets & Trout Pellets are high oil pellets packed with nutritious fish meal which fish adore, they come in many different sizes which can be used either broken down in grounbaits, stick/bag mixes or drilled out and used on a hair rig.

Micro Feed Pellets are similar to carp pellets as they have a low or no concentrations of oil and are typically around 1 or 2mm in size. They are designed to be soaked and then moulded around flatbed feeders or used as loose feed in pole pots.

How To Load A Pellet Feeder

Pellet feeders are flat bed feeders designed in such a way that small feed pellets can be moulded around a hook bait to ensure a parcel of feed is always in close proximity to the hook. They are a great way to catch fish on many of today's commercial venues and account for large bags of small to medium sized carp in many matches.

Pour 1mm or 2mm feed pellets into a bait box. Pour just enough water to soak & leave for 2 minutes - any liquid flavourings should added at this point.

Pour just enough water to soak & leave for 2 minutes - any liquid flavourings should added at this point. You should now be left with fluffy pellets which can stay together when squeezed - If they do not hold firm when squeezed, too much water will have been added, to counteract this, just add a dusting of groundbait to help them bind.

Place the hook bait within the feeder mould and cover the hook bait with feed pellets.

Press the feeder firmly into the mould to bind the pellets to the feeder, once removed from the mould, you will now have pellets tightly packed around the feeder with your hook bait buried within.

How To Use A Pellet Pump

Expander pellets out of the packet are hard to touch & very buoyant, in order to soften them & make them sink a pellet pump is needed.

Pour water over pellets in the pump tub - any additional flavours should be added at this point. Fix the lid, push the pump in place and pump around 10 times - the air is now removed from the pellets.

Push down on the air valve to release pressure, the pellets should now sink to the bottom - if the pellets do not sink pump a few more times. Once finished the pellets can either be used on the hook or as loose feed.
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